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Clean Energy News Vol. 12, Number 5, February 22, 2012

Clean Energy News
Vol. 12, Number 5, February 22, 2012
CE News is a free weekly e-mail publications that features news, information and events related tp clean energy, clean air and climate change. CE News is published by Clean Energy Nepal. For more information on our campaign please visit
•    'Hydropower Sector Needs Joint Investment of Govt, Private Sector and Cooperatives'
•    Demand for Small Solar Lighting System Growing
•    Conference on Climate‚ Gender
•    Call to Link Gender with Climate Change
•    Himalayan Meltdown Not So Fast After All
•    Briquette Provides Relief from Cold When Electricity, LPG Play Truant     
•    Coal Bigger Threat to Climate Change than Oilsands: Study
•    Banks and Investors Back Calls to Biggest Companies to Cut Emissions
•    Six Nations, Including U.S., Set Up Climate Initiative to Target Short-Term Greenhouse Gases
•    China Pollution Costing Economy Billions of Dollars
•    Coal-Power in China Makes Electric Vehicles More Polluting
•    Sea Level Rise Underestimated, Say B.C. Scientists
•    Climate Change Could Speed up Storm Frequency
•    Link Of The Week
•    Did You Know?
•    Media Watch
•    QUIZ Of The Week #  508
•    Answer Of Quiz Of The Week # 507

Local News
'Hydropower Sector Needs Joint Investment of Govt, Private Sector and Cooperatives'
Former Energy Minister Gokarna Bista urged the government and the political parties to focus on the development of hydropower sector through the joint investment from the government, private sector and cooperatives.
Interacting with the journalists in Baglung on Tuesday morning, Bista made such remarks saying that the development of the energy sector would help generate employment opportunity to both Nepalis as well as foreigners. Bista also opined that the country needs a multi-dimensional policy along with favourable investment environment in order to attract national and foreign investments in the hydropower sector to ease the stark energy crisis in the country.
Source: February 21, 2012
Demand for Small Solar Lighting System Growing     
Small solar lighting devices are becoming increasingly popular among people, particularly those from lower income groups, as they help light homes with small investment.
According to traders, sale of these devices has increased by 30 percent this year compared to last year. “Many people are switching to LED lights to overcome power crisis. This has led to big surge in demand for these devices,” said Yug R Tamrakar, managing director of Solar Electricity Company at Bagbazar. Wide range of solar home system like home lighting, street lighting, traffic lighting, garden lighting and mobile charging system are available in the market. “We introduced small solar lighting devices in the market, targeting people belonging to lower strata of the society who cannot make big investment on expensive power backup solution,” Tamrakar added. Bimal Shrestha, manager of Suntech Energy Company, said the demand for small solar lighting system is increasing because it can be installed with a small investment. Solar Tuki System with 2.5 watt solar panel costs Rs 3,000, while fixed solar system of 10 watt capacity costs Rs 8,000. It can light 4 LED bulbs for five hours. Similarly, solar panel of 5 watt capacity that lights 2 LED bulbs is priced at Rs 5,000. Solar power system with small panel comes with five years warranty, while those with LED lights and battery have one year warranty. Bishal Thapa, marketing executive of Unique Light House Electrical Goods, said most of the people prefer LED lights over CFL bulbs as they consume less power and have longer life.
Source: February 22, 2012
Conference on Climate‚ Gender
Speakers at a three-day national workshop on ‘Developing a National Strategy towards Mainstreaming of Gender and Climate Change’ today stressed on the role of women in fighting climate change.
Inaugurating the event, organised by the Ministry of Environment and International Union for Conservation of Nature, Environment Minister Hemraj Tater said women were crucial players in the fight against climate change. They are also more vulnerable to its impacts, he added. Lawmaker Arzu Rana Deuba, also an IUCN councilor, pointed out that any efforts towards mainstreaming gender in climate change initiatives should be a joint one. Formulating a gender and climate change strategy will prove to be a milestone in this process, she said. Meena Khanal, joint secretary at the ministry, shed light on the importance of addressing gender issues in climate change initiatives.
Source: February 21, 2012
Call to Link Gender with Climate Change
The government in support with the World Conservation Union (IUCN) is working to formulate a gender and climate change strategy to stress the need of gender-responsive policies and strategies in combating the climate change impact.
A three-day workshop titled 'Linking gender and climate change' is being organised from Tuesday by the Ministry of Environment (MoE) in support with the IUCN-Nepal and Global Gender and Climate Alliance as part of the preparatory phase before facilitating the government to come up with the strategy. The main objective of the workshop is to enhance capacity to understand and communicate the issues of gender and climate change, said Meena Khanal, joint secretary at the MoE. “Women are among the most vulnerable communities to the impact of climate change due to lack of resources for facing changes to the natural disasters,” she said. So, it is important to empower women who have a lead role to play in coming up with mitigation, adaptation and reduction strategies to deal with the changing climatic patterns, Khanal said. Lorena Aguilar, global senior gender advisor at IUCN, said around 50 percent of the population affected by climate change constitutes women, so it is essential to link gender equality with climate change to overcome the existing problems. “The gender component is left in isolation while formulating policies, programmes and strategies by the government or other concerned stakeholders in lack of proper understanding of the issue and lack of experience in most cases,” she said. According to her, eight countries across the globe have formulated gender-based climate strategy.
Source: February 9, 2012
Himalayan Meltdown Not So Fast After All
Himalayan glaciers and ice caps that supply water to more than a billion people in Asia are losing mass up to 10 times less quickly than once feared, reports a study published Thursday.
Based on an improved analysis of satellite data from 2003 to 2010, the findings offer a reprieve for a region already feeling the impacts of global warming. But they do not mean that the threat of disruptive change has disappeared, the researchers warned. "The good news is that the glaciers are not losing mass as fast as we thought," said Tad Pfeffer, a professor at the University of Colorado's Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research and a co-author of the study. "The bad news is that they are still losing a lot of water. There is still definitely a serious problem for the Himalayas." Much of that loss, it turns out, is taking place in the huge plains immediately south of the towering mountain range, where pumping from wells is draining ancient aquifers far faster than precipitation can replenish them. Earlier estimates also based on satellite data mistakenly attributed much of the draining of these water tables to glacier melt-off, Pfeffer said in a phone interview. Other calculations now thought to be off the mark were based on scaled-up extrapolations from lower-elevation glaciers that were more accessible to observation, but also more subject to warming trends. "Many of the high glaciers would still be too cold to lose mass even in the presence of atmospheric warming," said co-author John Wahr, a physicist at the University of Colorado. The study, published in Nature, provides what may be the most accurate global estimate of how much mass Earth's frozen regions glaciers, ice caps and the continent-sized icesheets sitting atop Greenland and Antarctica have shed over the last decade. From 2003 through 2010, they collectively lost about 4,200 cubic kilometres (1,000 cubic miles), enough to raise sea levels by 12 millimetres (a half-inch) over that eight year period, the study found. Most of that increase came from the Greenland and West Antarctica, while only 3.2 mm (0.125 inches) of the total can be attributed to the world's melting glaciers and ice caps. "For high-mountain Asia, we are reporting loss of only four gigatonnes (Gt), or four cubic kilometres, annually," said Pfeffer. "Other studies have reported loss as high as 50 Gt per year. There's a big difference." For the icesheets, however, the new estimates of ice mass loss over the last decade are roughly in line with other measurements based on different methods, the researchers said. The second major driver of rising oceans is thermal expansion water taking up more space as the atmosphere heats up. Satellite data used in the study, published in Nature, was taken from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, or GRACE, a joint NASA-German effort to measure changes in the planet's gravity field. Two GRACE satellites launched in 2002 whip around Earth in tandem 16 times a day at an altitude of about 480 kilometres (300 miles), sensing subtle variations in gravitational pull caused by shifts in mass in ice sheets, oceans and water stored in the soil and in underground aquifers. The new data will help scientists refine predictions about how quickly sea levels will rise, and by how much. Current estimates vary between about half-a-metre and a metre by century's end. "A better estimate of past behaviour, such as that obtained [in the new study], will therefore result in better estimates of future behaviour," Jonathan Bamber, a professor at the University of Bristol, noted in a commentary, also in Nature.
Source: February 9, 2012
Briquette Provides Relief from Cold When Electricity, LPG Play Truant    
By Rashmi Mahat
Sale of briquettes has increased by around 50 percent compared to last year, mainly due to load-shedding and short supply of LPG. Himalayan Briquette the umbrella organization for commercial briquette producers said sale of briquette has gone up because it is a source of energy that can work as an alternative to liquid and gas fuels.
According to Sushil Gyawali, chairman of Nepal Briquette Association (NBA), sale of briquette has gone up because it is a reliable alternative source of energy in the current situation where supply of fossil fuels is declining. He further added briquette is cheap and easy to handle. "Last year, around 200,000 pieces of briquette were sold while this year it has doubled and around 400,000 pieces have been sold till date," said Gyawali. Briquettes are mostly used for room heating, baby massage, cooking meal, boiling water and even barbeque. "Briquette can be prepared from the all types of woody and leafy biomass including pine needles and agriculture residues. It does not cause any harm to health and can be used for daily household purpose," Gyawali told Republica. It can be easily found in leading department stores and costs Rs 80 per packet consisting of 3 pieces. "Demand for briquette increases mainly in winter because it is used for room heating and baby massage purposes," said Meena Nepal, sales executive at Bhat-Bhateni Supermarket at Koteshwor. She further added the sale of briquette has gone up compared to last year. "Large number of customers who were using electric and gas heaters earlier switched over to briquette because it comes across as the best option to beat cold during power-cuts," said Nepal. She also disclosed that nowadays around 100 packets of briquette is being sold daily from the store but with the end of winter, demand for briquette goes down. However, in the off-season also, briquettes are used mainly for warming new-born child and mother. Briquettes are manufactured mainly in Chitwan, Argakhanchi, Jhapa and Morang districts. There are seven factories manufacturing briquettes in Nepal. Briquette manufactures say as the government has not yet provided Quality Assurance/ Quality Control QA/QC, the market of briquettes is not expanding.
Source: February 5, 2012

International News
Coal Bigger Threat to Climate Change than Oilsands: Study
By Judith Lavoie
Surprising figures from a study by renowned climate scientist Andrew Weaver show that burning all the oil from the Alberta oilsands would have a relatively minor effect on global warming and that coal is the biggest villain in raising global temperatures.
However, Weaver, a University of Victoria professor, wants to make it crystal clear that the research should not be seen as support for a fossil-fuel-based economy in any form.But tarsands industry also a huge contributor to Canadian emissions."We were trying to address some of the rhetoric we heard back in September when the Keystone pipeline was front and centre news," said Weaver, Canada Research chair in the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences and contributor to the Nobel Prizewinning United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.During the fall Keystone XL debate, a NASA climate scientist opposed to the pipeline described the oilsands as "the biggest carbon bomb on the planet."Weaver wanted some firm figures to eliminate the rhetoric coming from both sides."The question we were trying to address was the rhetoric about the potential carbon bomb if all the oil in the tarsands was combusted. We thought the numbers would be huge," Weaver said of his study, published Sunday in the journal Nature Climate Change, an offshoot of prestigious science journal Nature.Instead, the study by Weaver and doctoral student Neil Swart, found that burning every drop of the estimated 1.8 trillion barrels of oil in the oilsands would result in climate warming of 0.36 C. Burning only the proven economically viable oil would lead to warming of 0.03 C. "That is not as big as we thought, but it clearly doesn't give the tarsands industries a get-out-of-jail-free card," Weaver said."All the criticisms still stand. It's massive in terms of Canadian emissions."
Also, the study does not take into account loss of natural habitat and biodiversity resulting from tarsands oil extraction, he said. The bottom line remains the commitment by governments around the world to keep warming to a maximum of two degrees. Figures in Weaver and Swart's study show that burning all the coal resources or unconventional gas, such as the natural gas obtained by fracking, could bump temperatures way over those limits. "The whole idea that coal burning can be made clean is an oxymoron," Weaver said. "I do think we need to have some solid soul searching within places like the U.S and China, where coal is being combusted on a grand scale," said Weaver, adding that Canada needs to look at strong regulations governing the use of coal. "If we want to deal with this warming problem, we have to get a handle on coal now. Not later, but now," he said. At the heart of the problem is society's addiction to fossil fuels. As easily accessible coal, oil and gas are exhausted, fossil fuels are being extracted in more unconventional ways from more remote parts of the Earth and wreaking havoc on the environment, Weaver warned. The tarsands are a symptom of a big problem, Weaver said. "We can either treat the symptom or go for the cure. The cure is to wean ourselves from our dependence on fossil fuels."
Source: February 21, 2012
Banks and Investors Back Calls to Biggest Companies to Cut Emissions
On behalf of 92 pension funds, asset managers, insurers and banks, the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), which holds the world's largest collection of self-reported corporate environmental data, has sent letters to the CEOs of 415 of the world’s largest public companies calling for cost-effective management and reductions of their carbon emissions.
The letters were sent as part of CDP's Carbon Action initiative in parallel to CDP's annual request for disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions, climate change strategies and water use. Support for Carbon Action, which aims to improve company profitability and reduce the long-term business risks of carbon emissions, has more than doubled since it was launched in April 2011, driven by a small group of institutional investors including Dutch and British pension funds and asset managers. The largest new signatories include Spain's Banco Santander, Banesto and BBVA from the banking sector, fund manager Henderson and APG the asset manager. There is also a significant number of new signatories in Australia, which passed its Clean Energy Act in November last year, taking the grou'’s combined assets to over US$10 trillion. Emilio Botín, chairman of Banco Santander, said: "Banco Santander has a strong commitment with the environment and climate change. The Bank is making significant progress by measuring and reducing its main consumption inputs and CO2 emissions as well as by integrating social and environmental criteria into the credit analysis processes." Banking and financial services group Rabobank, investment management companies AXA IM and Aviva Investors, are among 31 organisations that joined last year and have continued their commitment to the initiative. Paul Simpson, CDP's CEO added: "Institutional investors increasingly recognise that companies in their portfolios can reduce emissions while generating efficiencies. Minimising exposure to emissions regulation in Australia, the EU and other markets will also protect their investments for the long-term. Companies that capitalise on financial savings as a result of carbon reductions are well placed to improve their competitive position in the marketplace."
Source: February 20, 2012
Six Nations, Including U.S., Set Up Climate Initiative to Target Short-Term Greenhouse Gases
By Jeremy Hance
With global negotiations to tackle carbon emissions progressing interminably, nations are seeking roundabout ways to combat global climate change. U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, announced in India last week a new six nation initiative to target non-carbon greenhouse gases, including soot (also known as "black carbon"), methane, and hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs). Reductions of these emissions would not only impact short-term climate change, but also improve health and agriculture worldwide according to a recent study in Science.
Targeting black soot, methane, and HFCs could reduce global temperatures by 0.5 degrees Celsius by 2050 according to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). However since these greenhouse gases are short-lived, i.e. do not linger in the atmosphere for several decades like carbon does, the initiative will only mitigate climate change in the near-term. According to a statement from the U.S. Department of State: "the coalition will reduce short-lived climate pollutants by driving the development of national action plans and the adoption of policy priorities; building capacity among developing countries; mobilizing public and private funds for action; raising awareness globally; fostering regional and international cooperation, and; improving scientific understanding of the pollutant impacts and mitigation. While the initiative was heralded as an important step by many environmentalists and scientists, it has met with some criticism. "Given that we don't have any prospect of a credible plan to reduce CO2 emissions, the suggestion that immediate cuts in methane and black carbon will reduce the risk of dangerous long-term climate change is pure fantasy," climate scientists, Myles Allen, with Oxford University told the BBC. While no one argues that the initiative, if successful, would bring important benefits, some fear it will further overshadow the need to target carbon if the world is to have any chance of avoid runaway climate change. The new initiative, which will be run under the UNEP, currently includes Canada, Bangladesh, Canada, Mexico, Sweden and Ghana as well as the U.S. The U.S. has pledged $12 million and Canada $3 million to kick-start the initiative. Both the U.S. and Canada have been the targets of fierce criticism over recent years for what has been seen as dragging their feet at international climate negotiations.
Source: February 20, 2012
China Pollution Costing Economy Billions of Dollars
Despite improvements in air quality, the economic impact of air pollution in China costs billions of dollars in health care, report researchers from MIT.
The new study shows that the economic impact from ozone and particulates in the air in China has increased. The study analyzed the costs associated with health impacts from ozone and particulate matter, which can lead to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. It was found that, after quantifying costs from both lost labor and the increased need for health care, this air pollution cost the Chinese economy $112 billion in 2005. This is compared to $22 billion in similar damages in 1975. “The results clearly indicate that ozone and particulate matter have substantially impacted the Chinese economy over the past 30 years,” Noelle Selin, an assistant professor of engineering systems and atmospheric chemistry at MIT, said in a press release. The team found two main causes for the increase in pollution costs, including rapid urbanization in the conduction with population growth, and higher incomes raised costs associated with lost productivity. “This suggests that conventional, static methods that neglect the cumulative impact of pollution-caused welfare damage or other market distortions substantially underestimate pollution’s health costs, particularly in fast-growing economies like China,” Kyung-Min Nam, one of the study’s authors, said in a press release. Nam said pollution led to a $64 billion loss in gross domestic product in 1995 in China. Static estimates from the World Bank found the loss was only $34 billion. Selin said that the study represents a more accurate picture than other studies that have attempted to find the same associations. “This important study confirms earlier estimates of major damages to the Chinese economy from air pollution, and in fact, finds that the damages are even greater than previously thought,” according to Kelly Sims Gallagher, an associate professor of energy and environmental policy at Tufts University’s Fletcher School.
The team calculated the long-term impacts using atmospheric modeling tools and comprehensive global economic modeling. They said these models were especially important when it came to assessing the cumulative impact of ozone, which China has recently started to monitor. The researchers simulated historical ozone levels by using these models. China’s particulate-matter concentrations were at least 10 to 16 times higher than the World Health Organization’s annual guidelines in the 1980s. The concentrations in 2005 were still five times higher than what is considered safe, despite making significant improvements. According to 2007 World Health Organization estimates, these high levels of pollution have led to 656,000 premature deaths in China each year from ailments caused by indoor and outdoor air pollution. “The study is evidence that more stringent air-pollution control measures may be warranted in China,” Gallagher said. China is trying to respond to these health and economic problems, including a January move to limit its carbon intensity by 17 percent by 2015. The China Energy and Climate Project will analyze the impact of existing and proposed energy and climate policies in China on technology, energy use, the environment and economic welfare. The study appears in the February edition of the journal Global Environmental Change.
Source: February 15, 2012
Coal-Power in China Makes Electric Vehicles More Polluting
By David A Gabel
China produces electricity for its burgeoning economy with its ample coal reserves. A full 80 percent comes from coal-burning power plants, and new plants are being constructed all the time. The country's reliance on coal power, while causing very dirty pollution, also has an interesting side effect. It takes away the "greenness" of electric vehicles. A new study from a team of University of Tennessee researchers has found that the power generated to fuel electric cars produces much greater emissions of particulate matter (PM) than gasoline-powered cars. Perversely, this also makes driving an electric car in China a greater public health hazard than driving a gasoline car.
The research team from the University of Tennessee (UT) Knoxville included Chris Cherry, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering and graduate student, Shuguang Ji. They looked at five different types of vehicles in 34 major Chinese cities, focusing on harmful particulate emissions. Their findings turn basic logic on its head. Cars that produce no emissions themselves can actually produce more hazardous emissions indirectly than regular cars. "An implicit assumption has been that air quality and health impacts are lower for electric vehicles than for conventional vehicles," Cherry said. "Our findings challenge that by comparing what is emitted by vehicle use to what people are actually exposed to. Prior studies have only examined environmental impacts by comparing emission factors or greenhouse gas emissions." The researchers found that PM emissions from coal plants are produced at much higher rates than gasoline vehicles. However, because the plants are located away from population centers, this is overlooked. When electric vehicles drive by in cities, people perceive fewer emissions than when conventional cars do. The researchers compared the health effects of five different vehicle types: gasoline cars, diesel cars, diesel buses, e-bikes, and e-cars. They found that the impact of e-cars was equal to that of diesel buses. However, they found that e-bikes yielded the lowest health impacts. This study highlights the importance of clean energy sources if widespread adoption of electric vehicles is to occur. Otherwise, the environmental health benefits will be for naught. In particular, reliance on coal power must be reduced for an electric-vehicle future.
Source: February 16, 2012
Sea Level Rise Underestimated, Say B.C. Scientists
Some scientists at an international symposium in Vancouver warn most estimates for a rise in the sea level are too conservative and several B.C. communities will be vulnerable to flooding unless drastic action is taken.
The gathering of the American Association for the Advancement of Science heard Sunday the sea level could rise by as little as 30 centimetres or as much as one metre in the next century. But SFU geology professor John Clague, who studies the effect of the rising sea on the B.C. coast, says a rise of about one metre is more likely. He said that's serious enough to threaten the communities of Richmond and Delta, including homes, Vancouver's international airport, Deltaport and theTsawwassen ferry terminal. "We're going to see people either defending property, spending tremendous amounts of money trying to defend coastal properties, or we need to relocate the peripheries of our cities to higher elevations," said Clague. While the sea level has remained relatively constant during the past 5,000 years, it has been rising over the past 100 to 200 years, and Clague says melting glaciers and a warmer ocean that occupies more space are to blame. "One of the most famous atmospheric scientists, James Hansen, is arguing we could be facing five-metre higher sea levels by the end of the century, and he's not a flake, he's a very renowned scientist," said Clague.
Source: February 20, 2012
Climate Change Could Speed up Storm Frequency
According to new research by MIT, climate change could make events like last year’s Hurricane Irene happen every three to 20 years, instead of once a century.
The group simulated trends of thousands of storms under different climate conditions and found that today’s “500-year floods” could occur once every 25 to 240 years. They said knowing the frequency of storm surges may help urban coastal planners design seawalls and other protective structures. “When you design your buildings or dams or structures on the coast, you have to know how high your seawall has to be,” MIT postdoc Ning Lin, lead author of the study, said in a press release. “You have to decide whether to build a seawall to prevent being flooded every 20 years.” The researchers looked at the impact of climate change on storm surges and used New York City as a case study. They combined four climate models with a specific hurricane model in order to simulate future storm activity in the region. The models generated 45,000 synthetic storms within a 125-miles radius of Battery Park in Manhattan. The team then studied each climate model under two scenarios, the first scenario being a “current climate” condition and the second a “future climate” condition. After simulating storms in the region, the researchers simulated the resulting storm surges using three different models, including one used by the National Hurricane Center (NHC). The NHC uses a storm-surge model to predict the risk and extend of flooding from the impending storm. However, these models have not been used to evaluate multiple simulated storms under a scenario of climate change. A “100-year storm” in New York means a surge flood of about 6 feet. A “500-year storm” means the region experiences 10.5 feet of surge floods. Under both scenarios, Lin said that water would reach above Manhattan’s seawalls, which stand about 5-feet high. “The highest [surge flood] was 3.2 meters (10.5 feet), and this happened in 1821,” Lin said. “That’s the highest water level observed in New York City’s history, which is like a present 500-year event.” Carol Friedland, an assistant professor of construction management and industrial engineering at Louisiana State University, said the researchers’ findings could prove to be a useful tool to inform coastal design. “The physical damage and economic loss that result from storm surge can be devastating to individuals, businesses, infrastructure and communities,” Friedland said. “For current coastal community planning and design projects, it is essential that the effects of climate change be included in storm-surge predictions.”
Source: February 14, 2012

Link of the Week

  Birders beware: climate change could push 600 tropical birds into extinction
  Please Visit:


Did you Know ?
Tropical rainforests store some 229 billion tons of carbon in their vegetation about 20 percent more than previously estimated finds a new satellite-based assessment published in the journal Nature Climate Change. The findings could help improve the accuracy of reporting CO2 emissions reductions under the proposed REDD program, which aims to compensate tropical countries for cutting deforestation, forest degradation, and peatlands destruction.
Media and Event Watch
Every Monday 8:30 pm on Nepal FM 91.8 MHZ “Climate Change Mero Bhawisya Mero Chaso”
Every Sunday at 7:30 am on Radio Sagarmatha 102.4 MHz "Batabaran Dabali"
Every Monday at 5:30 pm (re-telecast every Tuesday 11 am) on ABC Television “Climate Change
Every Alternate Friday at 2 PM on ENPHO Hall – “Green Discussion” Organized by Clean Energy Nepal, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action anGrnd Green Youth Network
Every Friday on The Himalayan Times “THT Green Plus”
Environment Cycle Radio F.M.104.2Mhz (ECR FM)
QUIZ of the Week # 507
Initiated in 1992 with support from the Netherlands Development Organisation (SNV), Nepal has installed over …………………. household biogas plants with a thermal energy capacity of 444 megawatts and greenhouse gas savings of 367,409 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per year.
a)    140,000
b)    240,000
c)    340,000
d)    440,000

While sending your answer please mention “Quiz of the week#” in the subject line and please send your answer in

One lucky winner will get a T-shirt with an Environmental Message from Clean Energy Nepal.
Answer of the week # 506
The global average temperature last year was the ninth-warmest in the modern meteorological record, continuing a trend linked to greenhouse gases that saw ………………… of the 10 hottest years occurring since the year 2000, according to NASA.
d) 9

Keshav Thapa
Rupar Rai
Abhushan Neupane
Heerakaji Maharjan
Sheela Sharma
Aakriti Poudel
Sangeeta Pandey

Keshav Thapa is the lucky winner for this week. Please contact the CEN office within a week with your identity card.

Congratulation to the Winner and thanks to all participants.

Prepared by: Suman Udas and Pabitra Basnet
Edited by: Bhushan Tuladhar
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